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Medium: Oil »
Year(s): 1948 »
SFF.60 (Francis Archive SFP49-10; SFP51-9)
Black and Red
Alternate titles: Composition; Untitled; Untitled (Black and Red)
1948; additional painting in 1950 [?]
Oil on canvas
72.9 x 64.49 cm (28 11/16 x 25 3/8 in.)
Inscriptions: Signed and dated, with underlined inscription on lower-half canvas verso in blue paint: Sam Francis 1948 Berkeley
Additional notations: SFF.60 is on the original strainer. Also notated by an unknown inscriber on strainer verso in uppercase letters as printed text in black marker: FRANCIS
Creation location: San Francisco Bay Area (Berkeley)
William and Patricia Patrick, Austria and Massachusetts (c. 1951–62)
Galerie D. Benador, Geneva, Switzerland (1962)
Galerie Krugier & Cie, Geneva (1963)
Collection Kusuo Shimizu/Minami Gallery, Tokyo
Galerie D. Benador, Geneva, Sam Francis: Oeuvres de 1951 à 1960, February 23–March 17, 1962 (exhibition catalogue: Galerie D. Benador 1962), no. 2, ill. in b/w.
Kestner-Gesellschaft, Hannover, West Germany, Sam Francis, April 25–May 28, 1963 (exhibition catalogue: Schmied 1963), no. 2, ill. in b/w, p. 19; checklist, p. 40.
Pavillon des Arts, Paris, L’oeuvre de Sam Francis dans les collections du Musée Idemitsu, September 18–November 16, 1986. Organized with Idemitsu Museum of Arts (Exhibition catalogue: Idemitsu Museum of Arts travelling exhibition, Pavillon des Arts, Paris 1986), no. 1, ill. in color. Traveled to: Louisiana Museum of Modern Art, Humlebaek, Denmark, November 29, 1986–January 18, 1987. Yayoi Gallery, Ogawa Art Foundation, Tokyo, October 5–December 5, 1987 (Separate catalogue).
Kunst- und Ausstellungshalle der Bundesrepublik Deutschland, Bonn, Germany, Sam Francis, February 12–April 18, 1993 (exhibition catalogue: Hultén 1993); Kunst- und Ausstellungshalle der Bundesrepublik Deutschland 1993), ill. in color, pp. 60–61.
Galerie nationale du Jeu de Paume, Paris, Sam Francis: Les années parisiennes 1950–1961, December 12, 1995–February 18, 1996 (exhibition catalogue: de Chassey et al 1995), ill. in color, pp. 70–71.
Tokuyama City Museum of Art and History, Tokuyama, Japan, Sam Francis and Sengai: From the Idemitsu Museum of Arts, April 11–June 1, 1997 (exhibition catalogue: Tokuyama City Museum of Art and History 1997), no. 1, ill. in color, pp. 16–17.
Idemitsu Museum of Arts, Tokyo, Sam Francis: From the Idemitsu Collection, June 27–August 6, 2000 (exhibition catalogue), no. 1, ill. in color, p. 13. Traveled to: Idemitsu Museum of Arts Part I, Osaka, Japan, January 9–February 12, 2001. Idemitsu Museum of Arts Part II, Osaka, Japan, February 20–April 1, 2001.
Museum of Modern Art, Toyama, Japan, Sam Francis: From the Idemitsu Collection, August 10–September 16, 2002 (exhibition catalogue: Otsubo 2002), no. 1, ill. in color, p. 26. Traveled to: Kawamura Memorial Museum of Art, Chiba, Japan, September 28–November 10, 2002. Museum of Art Ehime, Ehime, Japan, November 16–December 23, 2002. Museum of Contemporary Art, Tokyo, April 5–May 25, 2003. Iwaki City Art Museum, Fukushima, Japan, June 3–July 6, 2003. Oita City Art Museum, Oita, Japan, September 13–October 26, 2003.
Literature References
Selz, Peter. Sam Francis. New York: Harry N. Abrams, 1975, p. 134, ill. in color, pl. 60.
Selz, Peter et. al. Sam Francis. New York: Harry N. Abrams, 1982, p. 146, ill. in color, pl. 66.
Lyotard, Jean-Francois. Sam Francis: Lesson of Darkness . . . Like the Paintings of a Blind Man. Venice, California: Lapis Press, 1993, ill. in color.
Kodansha. Contemporary Great Masters: Sam Francis. Tokyo: Kodansha, 1994, p. 10, ill. in color, pl. 4.
Agee, William C. Sam Francis: Paintings 1947–1990. Los Angeles: The Museum of Contemporary Art, Los Angeles, 1999. Exhibition catalogue (1999–2001 Museum of Contemporary Art, Los Angeles (MOCA) and traveling), p. 17, ill. in color, fig. 8.
Burchett-Lere, Debra, ed. Sam Francis: Catalogue Raisonné of Canvas and Panel Paintings, 1946–1994. Berkeley, California: University of California Press and Sam Francis Foundation, 2011, p. 28, ill. in color; cat. no. 60, ill. in color on DVD I.

SFF.60 was primarily painted in 1948 while Francis was in school in Berkeley. The artist signed and dated the painting with a 1948 completion date, but it is believed he revisited the work in the fall of 1950, applying more paint on his arrival in Paris. A 1951 completion date was assigned to the painting when it was first published in the 1962 Galerie Benador exhibition catalogue, but this date was likely attached to the work when it was first sold in 1951.

The painting has been exhibited or reproduced with varying orientations.

Portions of this entry are from Sam Francis: Catalogue Raisonné of Canvas and Panel Paintings, 1946–1994. Published by the Regents of the University of California/University of California Press (2011). Reproduced with permission.

Verso signature and inscriptions
Main image: Courtesy Idemitsu Museum of Arts, Japan
Record last updated March 10, 2019. Please note that the information on this and all pages is periodically reviewed and subject to change.
Current catalogue view includes unique works on paper and canvas and panel paintings of the artist’s oeuvre from the years 1945–1949.

Citation: Burchett-Lere, Debra, ed. "Black and Red, 1948; additional painting in 1950 [?] (SFF.60)." Sam Francis: Online Catalogue Raisonné Project. (accessed on April 23, 2019).